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Transocean Ltd. Reports First Quarter 2018 Results

April 30, 2018
  • Total contract drilling revenues were $664 million, up from $629 million in the fourth quarter of 2017;
  • Revenue efficiency(1) was 91.5 percent, compared with 92.4 percent in the prior quarter;
  • Operating and maintenance expense was $424 million, compared with $386 million in the previous quarter;
  • Net loss attributable to controlling interest was $210 million, $0.48 per diluted share, compared with net loss attributable to controlling interest of $111 million, $0.28 per diluted share, in the fourth quarter of 2017;
  • Adjusted net loss was $210 million, $0.48 per diluted share. This compares with adjusted net loss of $93 million, $0.24 per diluted share, in the prior quarter, excluding $18 million of net unfavorable items;
  • Cash flows from operating activities were $103 million, compared with $244 million in the prior quarter;
  • During the first quarter, the company acquired Songa Offshore SE (“Songa”), adding $3.7 billion in contract backlog; and
  • The combined company’s contract backlog was $12.5 billion as of the April 2018 Fleet Status Report.

STEINHAUSEN, Switzerland, April 30, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Transocean Ltd. (NYSE:RIG) today reported net loss attributable to controlling interest of $210 million, $0.48 per diluted share, for the three months ended March 31, 2018.

First quarter 2018 results included favorable items, as follows:

  • $6 million, $0.02 per diluted share, gain on disposal of assets; and
  • $1 million in discrete tax benefits.

These favorable items were partially offset by:

  • $7 million, $0.02 per diluted share, of Songa acquisition costs.

After consideration of these net items, first quarter 2018 adjusted net loss was $210 million, or $0.48 per diluted share.

Contract drilling revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2018, sequentially increased $35 million to $664 million. The increase was primarily due to the addition of four harsh environment semisubmersibles on long‑term contracts that were acquired from Songa on January 30, 2018. The quarter was also favorably impacted by the commencement of operations of the newbuild ultra-deepwater drillship, the Deepwater Poseidon. These increases were partly offset by reduced operating days on a few ultra‑deepwater rigs that rolled off contract, and lower revenue efficiency related to the Petrobras 10000. The rig returned to work on March 4. Additionally, the quarter included a non-cash revenue reduction of $19 million from contract intangible amortization associated with the Songa acquisition.

Contract drilling revenues also included customer early termination fees of $38 million on the Discoverer Clear Leader, compared with $25 million in the prior quarter. Additionally, customer reimbursement revenues were $26 million, compared with $15 million in the previous quarter.

Operating and maintenance expense was $424 million, which included $24 million of reimbursable costs. This compares with $386 million in the prior quarter. The anticipated sequential increase was primarily due to the two months of activity from the acquisition of Songa, as well as the commencement of operations of the newbuild, the Deepwater Poseidon.

General and administrative expense was $47 million, compared with $43 million in the fourth quarter of 2017. The sequential increase was primarily due to professional fees associated with the Songa acquisition.

Depreciation expense was $202 million, up from $184 million in the fourth quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to the acquisition of Songa.

Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized, was $147 million, compared with $123 million in the prior quarter. The increase in interest expense resulted primarily from the debt assumed in the acquisition of Songa, partially offset by early debt retirements in 2017. Capitalized interest sequentially decreased $12 million to $13 million primarily due to the commencement of operations of the Deepwater Poseidon. Interest income was $12 million, compared with $9 million in the prior quarter.

The Effective Tax Rate(2) was (42.2) percent, down from 8.3 percent in the prior quarter. The decrease was primarily due to changes in the relative blend of income from operations in certain jurisdictions. The first quarter of 2018 partially includes the impact of the U.S. tax reform (“2017 Tax Act”). The company continues to assess and analyze the portion of the 2017 Tax Act related to transition tax. The Effective Tax Rate excluding discrete items(3) was  (42.8) percent, compared with 25.4 percent in the previous quarter.

Cash flows from operating activities sequentially decreased $141 million to $103 million. The decrease was primarily due to the receipt in the prior quarter of the early termination payment related to the Discoverer Clear Leader.

First quarter 2018 capital expenditures of $53 million were primarily related to the company’s newbuild drillships. This compares with $111 million in the previous quarter.

“This first quarter of 2018 was significant for Transocean and our best‑in‑class fleet,” said President and Chief Executive Officer Jeremy Thigpen. “We consummated the Songa Offshore acquisition, which added four new, contracted, high‑specification, harsh environment semisubmersibles to our fleet, and further bolstered our industry-leading backlog. We also welcomed another newbuild ultra‑deepwater drillship to our fleet, the Deepwater Poseidon, and mobilized her to the Gulf of Mexico where she recently commenced operations on a ten‑year contract.”

Thigpen added: “Operationally, we delivered another solid quarter. When adjusting for the time to safely return the Petrobras 10000 to work, our revenue efficiency for the quarter exceeded 96%. This strong operating performance, when combined with our unwavering commitment to safely streamline our cost structure, enabled us to generate approximately $100 million in cash flow from operations, resulting in a quarter-end cash and short‑term investments balance of approximately $2.9 billion.”

“We remain encouraged by the increase in floater contracting activity that we have experienced in recent months; and, we believe that the combination of stable oil prices, lower project breakeven economics, and historically low global reserve replacement will continue to drive increased demand for Transocean’s industry‑leading assets and services.”

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We present our operating results in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (U.S. GAAP). We believe certain financial measures, such as Adjusted Net Income, EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Normalized EBITDA, which are non-GAAP measures, provide users of our financial statements with supplemental information that may be useful in evaluating our operating performance. We believe that such non-GAAP measures, when read in conjunction with our operating results presented under U.S. GAAP, can be used to better assess our performance from period to period and relative to performance of other companies in our industry, without regard to financing methods, historical cost basis or capital structure. Such non-GAAP measures should be considered as a supplement to, and not as a substitute for, financial measures prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

All non-GAAP measure reconciliations to the most comparative U.S. GAAP measures are displayed in quantitative schedules on the company’s website at: www.deepwater.com.

About Transocean

Transocean is a leading international provider of offshore contract drilling services for oil and gas wells. The company specializes in technically demanding sectors of the global offshore drilling business with a particular focus on ultra-deepwater and harsh environment drilling services, and believes that it operates one of the most versatile offshore drilling fleets in the world.

Transocean owns or has partial ownership interests in, and operates a fleet of 47 mobile offshore drilling units consisting of 27 ultra-deepwater floaters, 12 harsh environment floaters, two deepwater floaters and six midwater floaters. In addition, the company is constructing two ultra-deepwater drillships. We also continue to operate one high-specification jackup that was under a drilling contract when we sold the rig, and we will continue to operate this jackup until completion or novation of the drilling contract.

For more information about Transocean, please visit: www.deepwater.com.

Conference Call Information

Transocean will conduct a teleconference starting at 9 a.m. EDT, 3 p.m. CEST, on Tuesday, May 1, 2018, to discuss the results. To participate, dial +1 323-794-2149 and refer to conference code 6863918 approximately 10 minutes prior to the scheduled start time.

The teleconference will be simulcast in a listen-only mode at: www.deepwater.com, by selecting Investors, News, and Webcasts. Supplemental materials that may be referenced during the teleconference will be available at: www.deepwater.com, by selecting Investors, Financial Reports.

A replay of the conference call will be available after 12 p.m. EDT, 6 p.m. CEST, on May 1, 2018. The replay, which will be archived for approximately 30 days, can be accessed at +1 719-457-0820, passcode 6863918 and PIN 8405. The replay will also be available on the company’s website.

Forward-Looking Statements

The statements described in this press release that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These statements contain words such as "possible," "intend," "will," "if," "expect," or other similar expressions. Forward-looking statements are based on management’s current expectations and assumptions, and are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict. As a result, actual results could differ materially from those indicated in these forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially include, but are not limited to, estimated duration of customer contracts, contract dayrate amounts, future contract commencement dates and locations, planned shipyard projects and other out-of-service time, sales of drilling units, timing of the company’s newbuild deliveries, operating hazards and delays, risks associated with international operations, actions by customers and other third parties, the future prices of oil and gas, the intention to scrap certain drilling rigs, the results of our final accounting for the periods presented in this press release, the success of our business following the acquisition of Songa Offshore SE (“Songa”), the ability to successfully integrate the Transocean and Songa businesses and other factors, including those and other risks discussed in the company's most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, and in the company's other filings with the SEC, which are available free of charge on the SEC's website at: www.sec.gov. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize (or the other consequences of such a development worsen), or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those indicated or expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to the company or to persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by reference to these risks and uncertainties. You should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Each forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date of the particular statement, and we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances that occur, or which we become aware of, after the date hereof, except as otherwise may be required by law. All non-GAAP financial measure reconciliations to the most comparative GAAP measure are displayed in quantitative schedules on the company’s website at: www.deepwater.com.

This press release, or referenced documents, do not constitute an offer to sell, or a solicitation of an offer to buy, any securities, and do not constitute an offering prospectus within the meaning of article 652a or article 1156 of the Swiss Code of Obligations. Investors must rely on their own evaluation of Transocean and its securities, including the merits and risks involved. Nothing contained herein is, or shall be relied on as, a promise or representation as to the future performance of Transocean.

Notes

(1)  Revenue efficiency is defined as actual contract drilling revenues for the measurement period divided by the maximum revenue calculated for the measurement period, expressed as a percentage. Maximum revenue is defined as the greatest amount of contract drilling revenues the drilling unit could earn for the measurement period, excluding amounts related to incentive provisions. See the accompanying schedule entitled “Revenue Efficiency.”
(2)  Effective Tax Rate is defined as income tax expense for continuing operations divided by income from continuing operations before income taxes. See the accompanying schedule entitled “Supplemental Effective Tax Rate Analysis.”
(3)  Effective Tax Rate, excluding discrete items, is defined as income tax expense for continuing operations, excluding various discrete items (such as changes in estimates and tax on items excluded from income before income taxes), divided by income from continuing operations before income tax expense, excluding gains and losses on sales and similar items pursuant to the accounting standards for income taxes and estimating the annual effective tax rate. See the accompanying schedule entitled “Supplemental Effective Tax Rate Analysis.”

Analyst Contacts:
Bradley Alexander
+1 713-232-7515

Diane Vento
+1 713-232-8015

Media Contact:
Pam Easton
+1 713-232-7647

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
(In millions, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
           
  Three months ended 
  March 31, 
  2018   2017
           
Contract drilling revenues (1) $  664     $  738  
Other revenues    —        47  
     664        785  
Costs and expenses          
Operating and maintenance    424        347  
Depreciation    202        232  
General and administrative    47        39  
     673        618  
Gain on disposal of assets, net    5        2  
Operating income (loss)    (4 )      169  
           
Other income (expense), net          
Interest income    12        6  
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized    (147 )      (127 )
Other, net    (10 )      7  
     (145 )      (114 )
Income (loss) before income tax expense (benefit)    (149 )      55  
Income tax expense (benefit)    63        (40 )
           
Net income (loss)    (212 )      95  
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest    (2 )      4  
Net income (loss) attributable to controlling interest $  (210 )   $  91  
           
Earnings (loss) per share          
Basic $  (0.48 )   $  0.23  
Diluted $  (0.48 )   $  0.23  
           
Weighted-average shares outstanding          
Basic    438        390  
Diluted    438        390  
               

___________________________________
(1) Contract drilling revenues, in the three months ended March 31, 2018, includes revenues of (a) $38 million resulting from contract early terminations and cancellations, (b) $26 million from customer reimbursements and (c) a reduction of $19 million resulting from the amortization of contract intangible assets.

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions, except share data) 
(Unaudited)
 
  March 31,    December 31, 
  2018   2017
           
Assets          
Cash and cash equivalents $  2,712     $  2,519  
Short-term investments    150        450  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts               
of less than $1 at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017    576        596  
Materials and supplies, net of allowance for obsolescence              
of $149 and $141 at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively    457        418  
Restricted cash accounts and investments    484        466  
Other current assets    164        157  
Total current assets    4,543        4,606  
           
Property and equipment    25,165        22,693  
Less accumulated depreciation    (5,494 )      (5,291 )
Property and equipment, net    19,671        17,402  
Goodwill    460        —  
Contract intangible assets    613        —  
Deferred income taxes, net    54        47  
Other assets    354        355  
Total assets $  25,695     $  22,410  
           
Liabilities and equity          
Accounts payable $  211     $  201  
Accrued income taxes    112        79  
Debt due within one year    1,879        250  
Other current liabilities    820        839  
Total current liabilities    3,022        1,369  
           
Long-term debt    7,976        7,146  
Deferred income taxes, net    82        44  
Other long-term liabilities    1,131        1,082  
Total long-term liabilities    9,189        8,272  
           
Commitments and contingencies          
Redeemable noncontrolling interest    57        58  
           
Shares, CHF 0.10 par value, 509,382,402 authorized, 143,783,041 conditionally authorized, 462,853,862 issued and               
461,628,198  outstanding at March 31, 2018, and 417,060,033 authorized, 143,783,041 conditionally authorized,               
394,801,990 issued and 391,237,308 outstanding at December 31, 2017    44        37  
Additional paid-in capital    11,953        11,031  
Retained earnings    1,719        1,929  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss    (292 )      (290 )
Total controlling interest shareholders’ equity    13,424        12,707  
Noncontrolling interest    3        4  
Total equity    13,427        12,711  
Total liabilities and equity $  25,695     $  22,410  
               


 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS 
(In millions) 
(Unaudited)
 
  Three months ended 
  March 31, 
  2018   2017
Cash flows from operating activities          
Net income (loss) $  (212 )   $  95  
Adjustments to reconcile to net cash provided by operating activities:          
Contract intangible asset amortization    19        —  
Depreciation    202        232  
Share-based compensation expense    10        10  
Gain on disposal of assets, net    (5 )      (2 )
Deferred income tax benefit    (3 )      (19 )
Other, net    13        7  
Changes in deferred revenues, net    (20 )      (68 )
Changes in deferred costs, net    1        16  
Changes in other operating assets and liabilities, net    98        (90 )
Net cash provided by operating activities    103        181  
           
Cash flows from investing activities          
Capital expenditures    (53 )      (122 )
Proceeds from disposal of assets, net    13        4  
Unrestricted and restricted cash acquired in business combination    131        —  
Deposits into short-term investments    (50 )      —  
Proceeds from maturities of short-term investments    350        —  
Other, net    (15 )      —  
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities    376        (118 )
           
Cash flows from financing activities          
Repayments of debt    (168 )      (72 )
Proceeds from investments restricted for financing activities    26        50  
Payments to terminate derivative instruments    (92 )      —  
Other, net    (14 )      (3 )
Net cash used in financing activities    (248 )      (25 )
           
Net increase in unrestricted and restricted cash and cash equivalents    231        38  
Unrestricted and restricted cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period    2,975        3,433  
Unrestricted and restricted cash and cash equivalents at end of period $  3,206     $  3,471  
               


 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
FLEET OPERATING STATISTICS
         
  Three months ended 
  March 31,    December 31,    March 31, 
Contract Drilling Revenues (1) (in millions) 2018   2017   2017
Contract drilling revenues                
Ultra-deepwater floaters $  378   $  404   $  505
Harsh environment floaters    204      105      122
Deepwater floaters    35      37      35
Midwater floaters    20      17      13
High-specification jackups    27      26      63
Total contract drilling revenues    664      589      738
                 
Other revenues                
Customer early termination fees    —      25      37
Customer reimbursement revenues and other    —      15      10
Total other revenues    —      40      47
Total revenues $  664   $  629   $  785
                 


         
  Three months ended 
  March 31,    December 31,    March 31, 
Average Daily Revenue (2) 2018   2017   2017
Ultra-deepwater floaters $  381,600   $  440,000   $  519,900
Harsh environment floaters    279,100      202,900      276,700
Deepwater floaters    193,400      202,400      192,000
Midwater floaters    111,500      90,300      92,300
High-specification jackups    150,000      145,500      141,200
Total drilling fleet $  287,600      296,700   $  337,700
                 


         
  Three months ended 
  March 31,    December 31,    March 31, 
Utilization (3) 2018   2017   2017
Ultra-deepwater floaters  35  %     39  %     36  % 
Harsh environment floaters  84  %     80  %     70  % 
Deepwater floaters  100  %     100  %     67  % 
Midwater floaters  38  %     50  %     27  % 
High-specification jackups  97  %     100  %     50  % 
Total drilling fleet  52  %     53  %     43  % 
                 


         
  Three months ended 
  March 31,    December 31,    March 31, 
Revenue Efficiency (4) 2018   2017   2017
Ultra-deepwater floaters  88.3  %     90.9  %     97.8  % 
Harsh environment floaters  95.2  %     94.8  %     97.0  % 
Deepwater floaters  93.0  %     96.3  %     92.6  % 
Midwater floaters  96.6  %     95.8  %     91.3  % 
High-specification jackups  99.4  %     99.3  %     104.1  % 
Total drilling fleet  91.5  %     92.4  %     97.8  % 
                 

(1) Contract drilling revenues, in the three months ended March 31, 2018, includes revenues of (a) $38 million resulting from contract early terminations and cancellations, (b) $26 million from customer reimbursement and (c) a reduction of $19 million resulting from the amortization of contract intangible assets.

(2) Average daily revenue is defined as contract drilling revenues earned per operating day. An operating day is defined as a calendar day during which a rig is contracted to earn a dayrate during the firm contract period after commencement of operations.

(3) Rig utilization is defined as the total number of operating days divided by the total number of available rig calendar days in the measurement period, expressed as a percentage.

(4) Revenue efficiency is defined as actual contract drilling revenues for the measurement period divided by the maximum revenue calculation for the measurement period, expressed as a percentage. Maximum revenue is defined as the greatest amount of contract drilling revenues the drilling unit could earn for the measurement period, excluding amounts related to incentive provisions.

     
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES AND RECONCILIATIONS
ADJUSTED NET INCOME (LOSS) AND ADJUSTED DILUTED EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE
(In millions, except per share data)
     
     
  YTD
  03/31/18
Adjusted Net Loss    
Net loss attributable to controlling interest, as reported $  (210 )
Acquisition and restructuring costs    7  
Gain on disposal of assets, net    (6 )
Discrete tax items and other, net    (1 )
Net loss, as adjusted $  (210 )
     
Adjusted Diluted Loss Per Share:    
Diluted loss per share, as reported $  (0.48 )
Acquisition and restructuring costs    0.02  
Gain on disposal of assets, net    (0.02 )
Discrete tax items and other, net    —  
Diluted loss per share, as adjusted $  (0.48 )


                                         
  YTD   QTD   YTD   QTD   YTD   QTD   YTD
  12/31/17   12/31/17   09/30/17   09/30/17   06/30/17   06/30/17   03/31/17
Adjusted Net Income (Loss)                                        
Net income (loss) attributable to controlling interest, as reported $  (3,127 )   $  (111 )   $  (3,016 )   $  (1,417 )   $  (1,599 )   $  (1,690 )   $  91  
Litigation matters    (8 )      (1 )      (7 )      —        (7 )      1        (8 )
Acquisition and restructuring costs    6        1        5        3        2        2        —  
Loss on impairment of assets    1,497        (2 )      1,499        1,386        113        113        —  
(Gain) loss on disposal of assets, net    1,590        (6 )      1,596        1        1,595        1,597        (2 )
Loss on retirement of debt    55        6        49        1        48        48        —  
Discrete tax items and other, net    (37 )      20        (57 )      90        (147 )      (70 )      (77 )
Net income (loss), as adjusted $  (24 )   $  (93 )   $  69     $  64     $  5     $  1     $  4  
                                         
Adjusted Diluted Earnings (Loss) Per Share:                                        
Diluted earnings (loss) per share, as reported $  (8.00 )   $  (0.28 )   $  (7.72 )   $  (3.62 )   $  (4.09 )   $  (4.32 )   $  0.23  
Litigation matters    (0.02 )      —        (0.02 )      —        (0.02 )      —        (0.02 )
Acquisition and restructuring costs    0.01        —        0.01        0.01        —        —        —  
Loss on impairment of assets    3.84        —        3.84        3.54        0.29        0.29        —  
(Gain) loss on disposal of assets, net    4.07        (0.01 )      4.08        —        4.08        4.08        —  
Loss on retirement of debt    0.14        0.01        0.12        —        0.12        0.12        —  
Discrete tax items and other, net    (0.10 )      0.04        (0.13 )      0.23        (0.37 )      (0.17 )      (0.20 )
Diluted earnings (loss) per share, as adjusted $  (0.06 )   $  (0.24 )   $  0.18     $  0.16     $  0.01     $  —     $  0.01  
                                                       


     
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES AND RECONCILIATIONS
EARNINGS BEFORE INTEREST, TAXES AND DEPRECIATION AND RELATED MARGINS
(In millions, except percentages)
     
     
  YTD
  03/31/18
     
Contract drilling revenues $  664  
Drilling contract termination fees    (38 )
Contract intangible amortization    19  
Adjusted Normalized Revenues $  645  
     
Net loss $  (212 )
Interest expense, net of interest income    135  
Income tax expense    63  
Depreciation expense    202  
Contract intangible amortization    19  
EBITDA    207  
     
Acquisition and restructuring costs    7  
Gain loss on disposal of assets, net    (6 )
Adjusted EBITDA    208  
     
Drilling contract termination fees    (38 )
Adjusted Normalized EBITDA $  170  
     
EBITDA margin   31 %
Adjusted EBITDA margin   31 %
Adjusted Normalized EBITDA margin   26 %


                                         
  YTD   QTD   YTD   QTD   YTD   QTD   YTD
  12/31/17   12/31/17   09/30/17   09/30/17   06/30/17   06/30/17   03/31/17
                                         
Operating  revenues $ 2,973     $ 629     $ 2,344     $ 808     $ 1,536     $ 751     $ 785  
Drilling contract termination fees   (201 )     (25 )     (176 )     (99 )     (77 )     (40 )     (37 )
Adjusted Normalized Revenues $ 2,772     $ 604     $ 2,168     $ 709     $ 1,459     $ 711     $ 748  
                                         
Net income (loss) $ (3,097 )   $ (102 )   $ (2,995 )   $ (1,411 )   $ (1,584 )   $ (1,679 )   $ 95  
Interest expense, net of interest income   448       114       334       91       243       122       121  
Income tax expense (benefit)   94       (9 )     103       180       (77 )     (37 )     (40 )
Depreciation expense   832       184       648       197       451       219       232  
EBITDA   (1,723 )     187       (1,910 )     (943 )     (967 )     (1,375 )     408  
                                         
Litigation matters   (8 )     (2 )     (6 )           (6 )     2       (8 )
Acquisition and restructuring costs   7       1       6       4       2       2        
Loss on impairment of assets   1,498             1,498       1,385       113       113        
(Gain) loss on disposal of assets, net   1,590       (6 )     1,596       1       1,595       1,597       (2 )
Loss on retirement of debt   55       6       49       1       48       48        
Adjusted EBITDA   1,419       186       1,233       448       785       387       398  
                                         
Drilling contract termination fees   (201 )     (25 )     (176 )     (99 )     (77 )     (40 )     (37 )
Adjusted Normalized EBITDA $ 1,218     $ 161     $ 1,057     $ 349     $ 708     $ 347     $ 361  
                                         
EBITDA margin   (58 ) %   30   %   (81 ) %   (117 ) %   (63 ) %   (183 ) %   52 %
Adjusted EBITDA margin   48   %   30   %   53   %   55   %   51   %   52   %   51 %
Adjusted Normalized EBITDA margin   44   %   27   %   49   %   49   %   49   %   49   %   48 %
                                                       


 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
SUPPLEMENTAL EFFECTIVE TAX RATE ANALYSIS
(In millions, except tax rates)
 
 
  Three months ended   
  March 31,    December 31,    March 31,   
  2018   2017   2017  
Income (loss) before income taxes $ (149 )   $ (111 )   $ 55    
Litigation matters         (2 )     (8 )  
Acquisition and restructuring costs   7       1          
Gain loss on disposal of assets, net   (6 )     (6 )     (2 )  
Loss on retirement of debt         6          
Adjusted income (loss) before income taxes $ (148 )   $ (112 )   $ 45    
                   
Income tax expense (benefit) $ 63     $ (9 )   $ (40 )  
Litigation matters         (1 )        
Acquisition and restructuring costs                  
Loss on impairment of assets         2          
Gain loss on disposal of assets, net                  
Changes in estimates (1)   1       (20 )     77    
Adjusted income tax expense (benefit) (2) $ 64     $ (28 )   $ 37    
                   
Effective Tax Rate (3)    (42.2 ) %    8.3   %    (73.0 ) %
                   
Effective Tax Rate, excluding discrete items (4)    (42.8 ) %    25.4   %    82.1   %
                   

(1) Our estimates change as we file tax returns, settle disputes with tax authorities or become aware of other events and include changes in (a) deferred taxes, (b) valuation allowances on deferred taxes and (c) other tax liabilities.

(2) The three months ended December 31, 2017 includes $78 million of additional tax benefit reflecting the catch-up effect of a decrease in the annual effective tax rate from the previous quarter estimate.

(3) Our effective tax rate is calculated as income tax expense divided by income before income taxes.

(4) Our effective tax rate, excluding discrete items, is calculated as income tax expense, excluding various discrete items (such as changes in estimates and tax on items excluded from income before income taxes), divided by income before income tax expense, excluding gains and losses on sales and similar items pursuant to the accounting standards for income taxes and estimating the annual effective tax rate.

Transocean Ltd.